Style Guide and Author Instructions

You can also view and download a pdf of the Gothic Studies Style Guide and Author Instructions.

Guidance on preparing an article for Gothic Studies Overview

We invite scholarly articles on topics in the field of Gothic studies, between 5,000 and 7,000 words in length, including endnotes. We ask contributors also to provide an abstract of up to 150 words.

These guidelines will help you to assess your article’s suitability for Gothic Studies, and to prepare it for submission to the journal. At the peer review stage, a well-prepared, consistently styled article will help peer reviewers focus on the content of the article. The better prepared your submission, the more efficiently it will pass through the production process. In particular, inconsistent citations will delay your article getting into print.

This document includes a style guide, an author checklist, special guidance for authors who have not submitted an article to Gothic Studies before, and instructions for submission.

On this page you will find information about:

  • Guidance on preparing an article for Gothic Studies
  • Overview
  • Style Guide
    • General style notes
    • Equitable language
    • Is it ‘gothic’ or ‘Gothic’?
    • Numbers and dates
    • Quotations
    • Citations, references
    • Supplementary information in endnotes
    • Images, including charts and graphs
    • Tables
  • Author Checklist
    • Submission
    • Content
    • Style
  • Guidance for New Authors
  • Submission Instructions

Style Guide

Reading a recent issue of Gothic Studies is a good way to familiarise yourself with the journal’s style. The current featured article is available free to download from

General style notes

  • Space consistently throughout
    • 2.0 line spacing throughout your typescript. o Indent the first line of each new paragraph.
    • Do not add extra space between paragraphs. Do not double space between sentences.
    • Space initials in names as follows: A. J. Smith (not A.J. Smith).
    • Space abbreviations as follows: i.e. and e.g. (not i. e. and e. g.), p. 6 (not p.6).
  • Use UK punctuation throughout.
    • Use the serial comma (Oxford comma) when necessary to avoid ambiguity.
    • Differentiate and use hyphens (-), en dashes (–) and em dashes (—) consistently.
    • Use apostrophes to indicate possession or close association as follows: generally with a word-final s, e.g. Thomas’s, Jones’s – unless the word ending is pronounced
    • ‘iz’, in which case use only an apostrophe, e.g. Moses’, Bridges’.
  • Use either UK or US spelling (e.g. colourise/colorize) and usage (e.g. afterwards/afterward) consistently throughout the article.
  • Retain original spellings in proper names and in quoted material.
  • Use maximal capitalisation for all headings and titles of published works throughout the typescript, including endnotes.
  • Use different typesizes to distinguish different levels of heading in your article.
  • Avoid using bold type. To add emphasis, italic is preferred.
  • For raised letters or superscripts, use Microsoft Word’s automated superscript function.
  • Uncommon abbreviations, acronyms or initialisms should be avoided, or explained at their first occurrence.
    • ff. means ‘following’, cf. means ‘compare’.
    • Use v., not vs.
    • Use no., not no (number).
    • Use c., not ca.
    • Use full points after abbreviations (e.g., i.e., etc., ibid., v., Ph.D., vol., p.m., Prof., Rev., ed.), but not in per cent (not percent).
    • Do not use full points after units of measurement (kg, g, cm, mm).
    • Do not use full points after contractions (vols, ed, Dr, Mrs, Mr, Ltd, St) or initialisms (BBC, DNA, GMT, TV).
    • Do not use apostrophes with common abbreviations (phone, bus, pram, etc.).
  • Ampersands may be used in the names of companies and institutions, e.g. Faber & Faber; otherwise, use ‘and’.
  • Italicise titles of publications and works, including books (except the Bible, the Koran, etc.), journals, films, videos, plays, radio/TV programmes, painting titles, sculpture titles.
    • Exceptions are book series, e.g. the Discworld series (not the Discworld series); and titled musical works, e.g. Symphony no. 5 in C minor (not Symphony no. 5).
  • Use quotation marks for short poems and italics for long poems, e.g. ‘My Last Duchess’, In Memoriam A. H. H. Italicise names of ships. Italicise genera, species and varieties.
  • Italicise words in all languages other than English, except in quotations, and except anglicised terms that appear in English without accents, such as elite, role and naive.
  • Italicise names of parties in legal cases, e.g. Churchill v. Wilson.
  • Italicise directions to the reader as stage directions, e.g. see also and see above.
  • Italicise ibid., et al., c.; do not italicise via, vice versa, i.e., e.g.

Equitable language

Avoid language that expresses gender, racial or other bias. Use language that is respectful and accurate.

  • You may use either ‘he or she’, ‘her or him’ and ‘hers or his’ (note alphabetical order), or the singular ‘they’, ‘them’ and ‘their’.
  • When referring to an individual, use their preferred pronouns, where known.
  • Use ‘they’ as a singular pronoun when an individual’s gender is unknown or undetermined, for example in the case of a fictional character of indeterminate gender.
  • Examples of terms that avoid gender bias: humanity or humankind (not mankind), workers or workforce (not workmen), chairperson or chair (not chairman), artisan or craftsperson (not craftsman), manufactured (not manmade), ancestors (not forefathers).
  • Do not refer to objects or places, such as ships and countries, as ‘she’: use ‘it’.
  • Other examples of terms to avoid bias: senior citizens or the elderly (not old people), person with a disability or differently abled person (not disabled person, handicapped person, etc),
  • Avoid general terms such as ‘people of colour’ or ‘indigenous peoples’ where particular racial or ethnic groups can be specified.
    • Be specific: Afro-Caribbean, African, black African; for indigenous Australians use Aboriginal (capital A), and specific terms such as Murray Island Peoples, Nyoongah; whenever possible, use specific terms such as Inuit, Metis, Ojibwe in preference to generalising, often inaccurate, and/or contentious terms such as First Nations and native Canadians.
  • Avoid generalising, often inaccurate and/or contentious terms such as ‘Global South’ whenever possible.
    • Asian can be a vague term, often used loosely to refer either to East Asia or to South Asia. Be more specific where possible.
    • The West and Western can be vague terms. Be more specific when possible.
    • North America includes Canada and Mexico: use United States, or United States and Canada, if this is what is meant.
    • Europe includes Eastern Europe: use Western Europe if this is what is meant.

Is it ‘gothic’ or ‘Gothic’?

  • Use uppercase G when referring to genres or forms of the Gothic, e.g. the Gothic, Gothic studies, many Gothic novels, the imperial Gothic. See the table below for further examples.
  • Use lowercase G when ‘gothic’ is an adjective meaning ‘characteristic of or belonging to the Gothic genre,’ e.g. gothic heroines, gothic motifs. See the table below for further examples.
  • Use uppercase G when referring to the Germanic people (Gothic culture, the Goths) or their language (Gothic alphabet); when referring to the architectural style (Gothic arches); and when referring to a script or typeface (Gothic miniscule).
  • Use lowercase G when referring to the modern subculture (gothic rock, goth fashion).
  • If you are unsure, capitalise the word as ‘Gothic’; the editors will sort it out later.

Numbers and dates


  • Use the en dash (–) for ranges. Cf. hyphen (-) and em dash (—).
  • Elide numbers in ranges as follows: 4–7, 8–13, 16–18 (not 16–8), 20–7, 34–76, 104–6, 136–42, but 16–18, not 16–8.
  • Use p. for page numbers and page ranges, e.g. p. 4, p. 4–7.
    • Avoid ll., instead spell out as ‘lines’.
    • Use fos for folios.
  • Spell out numbers below 100 and use digits for 100 and higher. Digits should be used, however, in the following cases.
    • A series of numbers appearing close together, e.g. 75, 43 and 98.
    • A series of numbers under and over 100, e.g. 42, 103, 2, 85.
    • Numbers giving exact measurements or with abbreviated units of measurements, e.g. 7 kg, 15.8 mm.
    • Do not use a full point after a unit of measurement (kg, g, cm, mm).
    • Times such as 5.00 p.m. (but spell out ‘five o’clock’).
    • Phrases involving hundreds, thousands, millions, etc., and where round numbers
    • of hundreds, thousands etc. are given, e.g. two hundred, fifteen thousand.
  • Style pre-decimal currency as follows: £5 15s 6d.
  • Retain a number on either side of a decimal point, e.g. 0.6 (not .6).
  • Use per cent (not percent); use % only in tables.


  • Elide numbers in year ranges as follows: 1674–89, 1674–77. Do not elide when the range spans multiple centuries, e.g. 1674–1723.
  • Give individual dates in full as follows: 31 January 1678.
  • Do not elide numbers in BCE dates, e.g. 535–514 BCE, not 535–14 BCE.
  • 1800s (not 1800’s); 1930s (not thirties, 30s, or ’30s); twenty-first century (not 21st century).
  • Hyphenate time periods when they are adjectival, e.g. ‘in the seventeenth century’ but ‘seventeenth-century furniture.’


Refer to Chapter 13 of the Chicago Manual of Style. A quick guide is available here:

Exceptions and clarifications:

  • Use single quotation marks for in-text quotations shorter than 40 words, and double quotation marks for any quotation within an in-text quotation.
  • Where page numbers appear with the quotation, put them in parentheses after the closing quotation mark and before the final full stop.
  • If verse is integrated in the quotation, use a forward slash to indicate a line break, e.g. ‘suddenly there came a tapping, / As of someone gently rapping.’
  • Quotations that are 40 words or longer should be idented, with one line space above and one line space below, and with no quotation marks unless direct speech is being quoted. Include the source citation immediately after the closing full stop, with no further punctuation afterwards.
  • Avoid ll., instead spell out as ‘lines’.
  • To indicate words or passages elided from quoted material, use an ellipsis of three points … except at the beginning or end of a quotation, unless the sense of the quoted passage is significantly compromised.
  • Leave the case of the first word of a quotation as it was in the original source, unless it appears at the start of your sentence, in which case the first word of a sentence should always be capitalised, and you should use square brackets around letters where you have changed the case, e.g. [T].

Citations, references

Your article will not be considered for publication if the citations are not correctly styled and formatted. Before submitting your article to us, ensure that your citations are consistent with the instructions below.

Refer to Chapter 14 of the Chicago Manual of Style. A quick guide is available here:

You may find it helpful to model your endnotes after examples in a recent issue of the journal. The current featured article is available free to download from


  • Use endnotes for all your citations, with one exception.
  • When a single edition or literary text is referred to continually throughout the article, give a full reference for the first citation, followed by the statement, ‘All subsequent quotations are from this edition. Page [and/or canto, stanza, line, act, scene] numbers will follow in brackets in the text.’ Include subsequent citations as in-text citations accordingly.
  • Do not use p. or l. when citing page numbers in this way.
  • When referencing a long poem, cite canto/stanza/line as #.#.#.
  • When referencing a play, cite act/scene/line as #.#.#.
  • When referencing a film or TV series, give timestamps for particular scenes as appropriate.
  • Use Microsoft Word’s automated notes function for endnotes, with superscript Arabic numbering: 1, 2, 3… (not Roman numbers).
  • Give the full citation for each source the first time you refer to it, and shortened citations thereafter.
  • Begin a citation with Ibid., the title was previously mentioned (not idem, loc. cit. or op. cit).
  • Refer to Chapter 14 of the Chicago Manual of Style to check what information should be included in your full and shortened citations, and how they should be formatted. A quick guide to citations in the current version of the Chicago Manual of Style can be found here:
  • In the Chicago Manual of Style, direct your attention to ‘Notes’ and ‘Shortened notes’. The instructions for ‘Bibliography entries’ are not relevant, as GS does not ask you to submit an alphabetised bibliography in addition to your endnotes.
  • We do not consider articles with citations in the Author–Date style.
  • Use maximal capitalisation on all titles of published works.
  • Use p. for page numbers and page ranges and elide consistently, e.g. p. 4, p. 4–7, p. 18–19.
  • Do not include a separate bibliography in addition to the endnotes.

Supplementary information in endnotes

  • Use endnotes for any supplementary information that you judge important enough to include. Keep this usage of endnotes to a minimum, where possible.
  • Do not use footnotes.

Images, including charts and graphs

  • Do not embed images or tables in your article typescript. Attach them to your submission email as additional files.
  • Images should ideally have a resolution of 300dpi and be of reasonable size and clarity. Note that screenshots and images saved from websites are often low-resolution and difficult to obtain copyright for.
  • Images should be in a standard format, preferably .TIF and .EPS, though .JPG is also acceptable.
  • Line drawings, non-half-tone images such as bar charts and line graphs, should be submitted as electronic files in their original file format, e.g. .XLS for a chart created in Excel, .EPS for an illustration created in Adobe Illustrator. They should ideally have a resolution of 1200 dpi.
  • Do not use colour coding to differentiate data in images, as files will be converted to black and white for publication in Gothic Studies.
  • Obtain permissions to reproduce images before final submission of the revised typescript. Email copies of correspondence re. permissions to
  • Authors are responsible for paying any copyright fees for use of images. Do not pay any fees before your article has been accepted and the proposed images approved for inclusion.
  • Scans and electronic images can be checked for suitability in advance of publication. Ask your Editor if you are unsure.


  • Supply any tables as separate Microsoft Word files. In your article typescript, use callouts to indicate roughly where you would like the tables to appear, e.g. <Table 1 near here>. The typesetters will place the table as near as possible to the callout.
  • Unless the table is the article author’s original work, it should have a source line underneath indicating where the source of the data presented. See example below.
  • Use a solid rule above and below column headings, and a solid rule at the foot of columns.
  • Do not use rules in the body of the table, and do not use any vertical rules.
  • Any notes should be given at the foot of the table, and not included among endnotes to the typescript. Use lowercase, superscript letters rather than numbers, to avoid confusion with endnotes.

Author Checklist


  1. Is your article between 5,000 and 7,000 words in length, including endnotes?
  2. Does your submission consist of two separate .doc or .docx files (anonymised article typescript and identifying title page), and is your email titled as per the Submission Guide?
  3. Have you included an abstract and keywords in your article typescript?
  4. If you are including an image or table in an additional file, is it of sufficient clarity and reasonable size (ideally a resolution of 300dpi), and in a standard format such as .TIF?


  1. Is the article significantly original, having a new approach and/or a unique focus?
  2. Can the article be positioned as a critical intervention in a particular field or fields of study, with a point of view that is distinct from existing scholarship?
  3. Is your article lacking any significant primary research that is particularly relevant to your argument, and which an expert reader could reasonably expect it to include?
  4. Does the article address the Gothic Studies readership, in that it could be valuable or compelling to scholars working in diverse fields of Gothic studies, as well as to scholars in your subfield?
  5. If the article started life as part of a thesis or dissertation, have you selected the most original elements of your research to develop into a focused and compelling journal article?


  1. Have you ensured that your article follows our style guide in every aspect?
  2. Have you checked your endnotes against the Chicago Manual of Style’s guidance on
  3. ‘Notes’ and ‘Shortened notes’?

If the article does not meet the basic standard set by the checklist, it will not go out for peer review. We are unable to offer individualised feedback on such articles.

Guidance for New Authors

This may be your first submission to Gothic Studies. We sometimes receive articles that are well- researched but are not suited to GS and its readership. Use the Author Checklist to help you assess whether your article is best-suited for submission to GS.

This may be your first submission to any academic journal. We welcome submissions based on doctoral dissertations, etc. However, even if postgraduate student work has a Gothic focus, dissertation chapters that have been edited or revised are rarely of sufficient standard to be quickly published as journal articles.

It is good practice to carefully select some of the best and most original material from your dissertation, and develop it into an article that stands alone as a coherent argument relevant to the field of Gothic studies. This process may involve the following steps.

  • If you are writing about a canonical or very well-known work, thinking about what new perspective your article will offer to engage readers who are already familiar with that work and/or existing interpretations of it
  • If you are writing about a relatively unknown work, thinking about what information you could include to help readers better follow your argument or appreciate its significance
  • Reconsidering aspects of your approach and/or choice of examples
  • Conducting further original research
  • Refining the argument, ensuring that it is clear, logical and well-substantiated
  • Exploring the argument’s implications for broader contexts
  • Writing introductory paragraphs that clearly show the originality and relevance of the article, and which put the argument ‘up front’
  • Reading articles in recent issues of Gothic Studies to see how they explain what their article contributes to the field
  • Carefully situating your work in relation to the most relevant existing Gothic scholarship, rather than retaining any dedicated ‘literature reviews’ written for a dissertation

Submission Instructions 

  • Your article must be between 5,000 and 7,000 words long, including endnotes.
  • Work through the Author Checklist to assess when your article is ready for submission to the journal.
  • At the beginning of your typescript, include in this order: a title for your article, an abstract of 150 words or less, and 3 to 6 keywords to help readers find your article in online searches.
  • Prepare a submission consisting of two documents, to allow for impartial peer review:
    • Your article as a Microsoft Word file. PDFs cannot be accepted. This document should be anonymised.
    • A separate title page, containing the article title, author’s name(s), affiliation, contact details, biography and acknowledgements, as you would wish them to appear in the journal.
    • If you are including any tables or electronic images with your initial submission, attach these to your submission email as additional separate files.
  • Email your article typescript and title page to, with the words ‘Article submission’ in the subject line. In the body of the email, include a statement to the effect of ‘I have read the Author Checklist and am satisfied that my article is ready for submission to Gothic Studies.’ / ‘I have read the Author Checklist before submitting my article.’